The Lines of Torres Vedras Historical Trail project aims to conserve, restore and valorize a significant number of fortifications as well as implanting an inter-municipality network of Heritage and Visitors’ Centres.
In 1810, the peninsular territory to the north of Lisbon was the setting for the construction of one of the most effective defensive systems in the world: the Lines of Torres Vedras.
In the expectation of a third Napoleonic invasion, whose prime objective would be the capture of the capital, three lines of a total of 152 fortifications were constructed in secret across an 85 km stretch of hilly terrain between the river Tagus and the Atlantic Ocean.
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More About Torres Vedras city:
Inhabited in prehistoric and Roman times, Torres Vedras received its Charter in the mid-13th century.
The Convent of Varatojo, one of the most important religious monuments in the region, was founded in 1470 by King Dom Afonso V, in gratitude for the conquests in North Africa.
In the 19th century, during the Napoleonic invasions, Torres Vedras had a very important role, because it was the scene of the beginning of the retreat of the French army and Napoleon's loss of hegemony in Europe. In fact, the building of the "Lines of Torres Vedras", a series of military fortifications lined up around Lisbon, was successful in its aim of preventing the French troops from advancing on Lisbon, and forced them to retreat.
In the environs, besides the beaches of Santa Cruz and Porto Novo, with all the activity typical of a holiday resort, with golf courses, riding schools, hotels and swimming pools, there are also the hot spring spas of Cucos and Vimeiro, much sought after for the therapeutic qualities of their waters.
The Carnival is the highlight of the town`s events. It has strong traditions in Torres Vedras, and is known as the most Portuguese in Portugal, because it maintains the allegorical parades and processions of decorated floats, gigantones (giant carnival figures) and zés-pereiras (carnival rhythms), without yielding to foreign influences.
More info at http://www.visitportugal.com